This month’s newsletter features several tax moves to consider making by December 31st to lessen the amount of money you owe the IRS as well as some recent changes to the Social Security benefits..
Please call if you would like to discuss how this information could impact your situation. If you know someone who could benefit from this newsletter, feel free to send it to them.
Tax Moves to Make Before Year-End
There are always moves you can make to reduce your taxable income. Some of these tax-saving moves, however, must be completed by December 31. Here are several to consider:
Tax loss harvesting. If you own stock in a taxable account that is not in a tax-deferred retirement plan, you can sell your underperforming stocks by December 31 and use these losses to reduce any taxable capital gains. If your net capital losses exceed your gains, you can even net up to $3,000 against other income such as wages. Losses over $3,000 can be used in future years. Just be sure you do not repurchase the same stock within 30 days, or the loss will be deferred.
Take a peek at your estimated 2022 income. If you have appreciated assets that you plan on selling in the near future, estimate your 2022 taxable income and compare it to your 2021 taxable income. If your 2022 income looks like it may be significantly higher than 2021, you may be able to sell your appreciated assets in 2021 to take advantage of a lower tax rate. The opposite also holds true. If your estimated 2022 taxable income looks like it may be significantly lower than your 2021 taxable income, lower tax rates may apply if you wait to sell your assets in 2022.
Max out pre-tax retirement savings. The deadline to contribute to a 401(k) plan and be able to reduce your taxable income on your 2021 tax return is December 31. See if you can earmark a little more money from each of your paychecks through the end of the year to transfer into your retirement savings accounts. For 2021, you can contribute up to $19,500 to a 401(k), plus another $6,500 if you’re age 50 or older. Even better, you have until April 18, 2022, to contribute to a traditional IRA and be able to reduce your taxable income on your 2021 tax return.
Make cash charitable contributions. If you’re like 90% of all taxpayers, you get no tax benefit from charitable contributions because you don’t itemize your personal deductions. On your 2021 tax return, however, you may contribute up to $300 in cash to a qualified charity and deduct the amount whether or not you itemize your deductions. Married taxpayers who file jointly may contribute $600. You can make your contribution by check, credit card, or debit card. Remember that this above-the-line deduction is for cash contributions only. It does not apply to non-cash contributions.
Bunch deductions so you can itemize. Are your personal deductions near the amount of the standard deduction for 2021: $12,550 for singles, $18,800 for head of household and $25,100 for married filing jointly? If so, consider bunching your personal deductions into 2021 so you can itemize this year. For most, the easiest way is to bunch two years of charitable contributions into a single year. These can include gifts of appreciated stock where you get to deduct the fair market value without paying capital gains tax.
Social Security Announces 2022 Adjustments
Your Social Security benefits have changed
AVERAGE RETIREMENT BENEFITS Starting January 2022
All workers in 2021: $1,565/mo
All workers in 2022: $1,657/mo
The 2022 maximum Social Security retirement benefits a worker retiring at full retirement age: $3,345/mo
DID YOU KNOW …
97% of U.S. citizens over age 60 either receive Social Security or will receive it.
1 in 4 seniors expect it to be their primary source of income.
Social Security pays benefits to more than 70 million people including retirees, children and surviving spouses.
2022 SOCIAL SECURITY AND MEDICARE TAX RATES
If you work for someone else…
Your employer pays 7.65%
You pay 7.65%
If you’re self-employed…
You pay 15.3%
NOTE: The above tax rates are a combination of 6.2% Social Security and 1.45% for Medicare. There is also 0.9% Medicare wages surtax for those with wages above $200,000 single ($250,000 joint filers) that is not reflected in these figures.
Maximum amount you may pay in Social Security taxes
Maximum earnings amount Social Security will tax at 6.2%
165+ million people work and pay Social Security taxes
Social Security has provided financial protection for Americans since 1935
SOCIAL SECURITY PAYMENTS EXPLAINED
Social Security retirement benefits are for people who have paid into the Social Security system through taxable income.
Social Security Disability (SSD or SSDI) benefits are for people who have disabilities but have paid into the Social Security the system through taxable income.
Supplemental Security Income benefits are for adults and children who have disabilities, plus limited income and resources.
MAXIMUM SSI PAYMENTS
HOW DOES SOCIAL SECURITY WORK?
When you work, you pay taxes into Social Security.
The Social Security Administration uses your tax money to pay benefits to people right now.
Any unused money goes into Social Security trust funds and is borrowed by the government to pay for other programs.
Later on when you retire, you receive benefits.
HERE’S HOW YOU QUALIFY FOR RETIREMENT BENEFITS
When you work and pay Social Security taxes, you earn credits toward benefits. The number of credits you need to earn retirement benefits depends on when you were born.
If you were born in 1929 or later, you need 40 credits (10 years of work) to receive retirement benefits
The earnings needed to a credit in 2022 is $1,510
4 credits maximum per year
DID YOU KNOW YOU CAN CHECK YOUR BENEFITS STATUS BEFORE YOU RETIRE?
You can check online by creating a my Social Security account on the SSA website. If you don’t have an account, you’ll be mailed a paper Social Security statement 3 months before your 61st birthday.
It shows your year-by-year earnings, and estimates of retirement, survivors and disability benefits you and your family may be able to receive now and in the future.
If it doesn’t show earnings from a state or local government employer, contact them. The work may not be covered within Social Security.
Year-End Tax Planning Ideas For Your Business
Here are some ideas to lower your business taxes, get organized, and to prepare for filing your 2021 tax return.
As 2021 winds down, here are some ideas to consider in order to help manage your small business and prepare for filing your upcoming tax return.
Identify all vendors who require a 1099-MISC and a 1099-NEC. Obtain tax identification numbers (TIN) for each of these vendors.
Determine if you qualify for the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) safe harbor threshold that allows you to deduct certain 2020 expenses on your 2021 tax return.
Consider accelerating income or deferring earnings, based on profit projections.
Section 179, or bonus depreciation expensing versus traditional depreciation, is a great planning tool. If using Section 179, the qualified assets must be placed in service prior to year-end.
Business meals are 100% deductible in 2021 if certain qualifications are met. Retain the necessary receipts and documentation that note when the meal took place, who attended and the business purpose of the meal on each receipt.
Consider any last-minute deductible charitable giving including long-term capital gain stocks.
Review your inventory for proper counts and remove obsolete or worthless products. Keep track of the obsolete and worthless amounts for a potential tax deduction.
Set up separate business bank accounts. Co-mingling business and personal expenses in one account is not recommended.
Create expense reports. Having expense reports with supporting invoices will help substantiate your tax deductions in the event of an audit.
Organize your records by major categories of income, expenses and fixed assets purchased to make tax return filing easier.
Review your receivables. Focus on collection activities and review your uncollectable accounts for possible write-offs.
Make your 2021 fourth-quarter estimated tax payment by January 18, 2022.
The Power of Comparative Financial Statements
Your business has a story to tell. And one of the ways to hear your business’s story is by reading through comparative financial statements.
The importance of comparative financial statements
An up-to-date balance sheet, income statement and statement of cash flows are essential financial reports you should consistently analyze. But these financial statements by themselves don’t tell the whole story about your business. Consider the following:
Company XYZ: The most current balance sheet shows $1 million in liquid assets with zero liabilities.
Company ABC: The most current income statement has a net profit margin of 35%.
Company 123: The statement of cash flows shows that the company has consistently brought in more cash than it has spent over the past three years.
And here’s the rest of the story:
Company XYZ: Liquid assets decreased from $5 million to $1 million over the past 12 months.
Company ABC: Net profit margin is typically around 20% for this company. However, a recent round of layoffs temporarily pushed total salaries and wages lower, while pushing the net profit margin much higher.
Company 123: There has been a steady decline in positive cash flow over the past three years.
These examples show the importance of analyzing your financial statements in comparison with something else. Reading through the first list of bullet points only tells part of the story.
What you can do
Here are several types of comparative financial statements you can create for your business and some tips for getting the most out of these reports.
Current period vs. Prior period. Compare this month to the same month one year prior (October 2021 vs. October 2020) or compare by year (2021 Year-to-Date vs. 2020 Year-to-Date).
Current period vs. Current period forecast. This is known as a variance analysis. You compare what you think was going to occur during a particular period to what actually happened. This report can also be done either by month [October 2021 (actual) vs. October 2021 (forecast)] or by year [2021 Year-to-Date (actual) vs. 2021 Year-to-Date (forecast)]
Use both absolute figure and percentages. Percentages allow you to quickly see the degree of change between the two periods that are being compared. Here’s an example of what this could look like:
Ask for help! Please call if you would like help creating or analyzing comparative financial statements for your business.
As always, should you have any questions or concerns regarding your tax situation please feel free to call.